When recording an electric bass guitar the two main choices are to mic the bass amp or to plug the bass into the recorder directly.
If you choose to mic the bass amp you can use dynamic or condenser mics to capture the full frequency spectrum. Dynamic mics are generally better at picking up the deep sound and help provide rugged tones. Large diaphragm condenser mics also do a great job, especially for depressing the high-frequency transients. Do not use small diaphragm condenser mics as they tend to focus more on the high-frequency range.
These days, many people prefer to plug the bass directly in using a DI box. This technique provides the cleanest sound and is a lot cheaper especially if you don't already have the right microphone.
Adding some EQ will likely help add clarity to any bass track. The bass tones range from 125 to 400 Hz and the harmonic punch is usually anywhere between 1.5 and 2 kHz. You might also try to boost the EQ around 100 Hz to add some serious power and warmth to your bass track.
Another good tool to use when recording bass guitar is a compressor. Naturally, signal output from the instruments notes vary. Some of the notes will have an increase in volume while others will dip. A simple compressor with a ratio of around 4:1 can help smooth out these inconsistencies and provide a strong bass line.
Hopefully these tips are helpful. Please feel free to comment about what is your favorite was to record an electric bass guitar.
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